Bible Bending Pharaonic Egypt. Part One: Abraham to Exodus


 Damien F. Mackey


Colleague in France: Damien, Is that a fair treatment ? …. [ref. to article, “Ancient Israel in Egypt and the Exodus”:]….


Damien: …. I don’t know why they always try to align the biblical Exodus with what they consider to be the 1200’s BC era of Egyptian history, Ramses II and his son, Merenptah, of Egypt’s 19th dynasty. For one, the biblical Exodus is more like C15th BC, so about 2 centuries before the conventional era for Ramses II ‘the Great’. Secondly, the 19th dynasty (Ramses II, etc.) follows the famous 18th dynasty (Thutmosides; Hatshepsut; and on down to Akhnaton and Nefertiti, and Tut), which I believe began at the same time as Israel’s Monarchy era (Saul, David and Solomon), Hatshepsut being the biblical Queen of Sheba. Akhnaton and Tut belong to the time of the Divided Monarchy, of Ahab and Jezebel (= Nefertiti), Elijah, Elisha, Jehu. Now, the 19th dynasty is even after all that, so we are now about 600 years from the Exodus. ….


Colleague in France: …. I am at a loss with Egyptian chronology… Where may I find a CLEAR table showing the successive dynasties with the corresponding BC dates ? something like the list of the French kings ! I know you don’t agree with the “official” chronology, so if you could give me both versions things would be a lot clearer to me ! Thanks.


Damien: I’ll see if I can come up with something for you soon ….



Well, this is it, my tentative model of how to accommodate, to biblical history, a revision of ancient Egypt. Below I contrast the Textbook History with my own Revised History.


For complete article, go to:


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